Kyū-Rei Hana [九十花 or 九〇花 - きゅうれいはな, lit “Ninety Flowers”] is a Hana-Awase-type game for 3 players (though more may play using the same modifications as in hachi-hachi). It has no teyaku, only 4 dekiyaku (the same as used in Bakabana, though by slightly different names), and a unique distribution of card values. It likely originated near Okayama, in the Sanyo region of Japan.
Game setup involves choosing a dealer [親 - おや, oya], shuffling the deck, and distributing the initial cards. Like many hanafuda games, a decision must also be made as to how many rounds to play - 12 rounds is traditional, though 6 and 3 are options for shorter games. Any other house rules should also be established at this point in order to keep gameplay smooth and fair.
No method is stipulated for choosing the initial dealer. A hanafuda-specific method involves each player drawing a card from the deck, and the player with the earliest month becomes the dealer. In the event of a tie, the highest-ranked card within the month is considered the earliest. If there is still a tie, then the players re-draw.
The winner of each round becomes the dealer for the next round.
The player to the left of the dealer [尾季 - びき, biki] shuffles the deck, and the player to the right of the dealer [胴二 - どうに, douni] cuts. Then, starting with the player to their right and moving anti-clockwise (↺), the dealer deals 4 cards to each player in turn, followed by 3 card face-up to the table. They then give a further 3 cards to each player, and an additional 3 cards face-up to the table.
In total, 7 cards are dealt to each player, and 6 cards to the table face-up to form the field.
The remainder of the deck is placed face-down next to the field to form the draw pile.
Note that there are no Lucky Hands - 手役 [てやく, teyaku] in Kyū-Rei Hana.
Next, the number of Bright cards in the field is counted to determine the field multiplier. This multiplier will apply to all exchanges of points between players, for the entire duration of the round.
|A small field [小場 - こば, koba] occurs if there are no Brights. Point exchanges are unaffected.
|A large field [大場 - おおば, ooba] occurs if any of the Crane, Bush Warbler, Curtain, Moon, or Deer cards are on the field. All point exchanges will be doubled for this round.
|A grand field [絶場 - ぜつば, zetsuba] occurs if either the Rain Man or Phoenix is on the field. All point exchanges will be quadrupled for this round.
If more than one Bright card is on the field, the most typical resolution is to apply the largest multiplier to the current round, and carry over the other multipliers into subsequent rounds, with the quadruples coming first.
For example, if the Rain Man, the Phoenix and the Crane with Sun are all on the field, then the current round will be a grand field, the next round will also be a grand field, and the round after that will be a large field.
If the current round already has a multiplier that was carried over from some previous round, then any field multipliers that turn up are carried over into future rounds in the same way.
In each round, the dealer is the first to play, and turn to play passes anti-clockwise around the table. The core gameplay and turn structure of this game is typical to the genre.
On their turn, a player chooses a single card from their hand and plays it to the table.
If a card is played that matches something on the table, then the player must capture, as described above. However, there is no obligation to play a card that matches something, even if the player has one in their hand; they may, if they wish, elect to play a card that matches nothing on the table.
As is typical of hanafuda games, each player’s score pile should be kept face-up and laid out on the table, so that its contents are fully visible to all players. Ideally, the cards should also be arranged by type (Brights, Animals, Ribbons, and Chaff) to make assessing the game state easier.
After a card has been played from their hand, the player takes the top card of the draw pile, turns it face-up, and immediately plays it to the table in the same fashion.
After both cards have been played - one from the player’s hand, and one from the draw pile - the turn ends, and the next player takes their turn.
The round ends when all players run out of cards in their hand and when the draw pile is exhausted. At this point, each player should sum the values of their own captured cards and check for any yaku. A player’s final score for the round is calculated as
[(sum of one's card points) + (2 x sum of one's yaku points) - (sum of opponents' yaku points) - 90] x (current round's field multiplier). Note that this calculation should result in the three players’ scores adding together to zero each round.
|All Chaff except Yellow Paulownia.
Thus, there are 270 points in a complete deck. For this reason, each of the 3 player’s scores is compared to 90 points, which is the average score that each player could be expected to make. This is most likely the source of this game’s name.
A player steals points from both opponents for any and all of the following yaku whose cards they have captured.
大三 [おおざん, ōzan]
小三 [こざん, kozan]
青短冊 [あおたん, aotan]
草 [くさ, kusa]